Operation Achse (i)

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This was a German unrealised plan to support the Italian offensive by the forces of Maresciallo d’Italia Rodolfo Graziani’s 10a Armata from eastern Libya toward the Suez Canal, rendered irrelevant by the failure of the offensive (autumn 1940).

The plan stemmed from an instruction by Adolf Hitler on 27 September to start preparations, including the manufacture of specialised weapons and equipment, for ‘colonial enterprises’. The plan was initially terminated on 15 November, but then extended to 15 December before being definitively ended and later succeeded by ‘Sonnenblume’, which was implemented in response to Hitler’s Führerweisung Nr 22 of 11 January 1941.