Operation Effective

This was an Allied unrealised plan for the employment of airborne forces for the seizure of objectives in the Schwarzwald (Black Forest) region of Germany, most notably the airfields of the Bisingen area, by units of Lieutenant General Lewis H. Brereton’s Allied 1st Airborne Army in front of Lieutenant General Alexander M. Patch’s US 7th Army (spring 1945).

The object of the scheme, which was rendered largely superfluous by the speed of the Allied advance to the east, was to aid the push by Lieutenant General Jacob L. Devers’s Allied 6th Army Group through SS-Oberstgruppenführer und Generaloberst der Waffen-SS Paul Hausser’s Heeresgruppe ‘G’ into southern Germany and, most specifically, for the capture of Munich.