Operation FPM (ii)

This was the designation of Allied military convoys (together with a numerical suffix) returning empty from the Seine Bay to Portland after delivering motor transport for the Allied land campaign in Normandy and North-West Europe following 'Overlord' (July/September 1944).

The first of these 'France to Portland Military' convoys was FPM.1 of 10/11 July 1944 with eight US 'Liberty' ships in the form of the 7,176-ton Charles D. Poston, 7,177-ton Collis P. Huntington, 7,200-ton Horace Gray, 7,240-ton James L. Ackerson, 7,176-ton John Steele, 7,176-ton Joseph Story, 7,200-ton Pearl Harbor and 7,176-ton Thomas J. Jarvis.

The last of the 46 such convoys was FPM.46 of 31 August/1 September 1944 with six US 'Liberty' ships in the form of the 7,176-ton Arthur Sewall, 7,247-ton George Steers, 7,184-ton John R. Park, 7,225-ton John S. Mosby, 7,176-ton Louis Marshall and 7,176-ton Philip F. Thomas.