Operation Anger (ii)

This was a Canadian unrealised plan for General H. D. G. Crerar’s 1st Army to break out of the Nijmegen bridgehead across the Nederrijn river to assist in opening the Emmerich crossing of the Rhine river using Lieutenant General C. Foulkes’s I Corps currently moving from Italy to North-West Europe (February/March 1945).

Foulkes determined that the proposed operation, which would be subordinate to ‘Plunder’ and undertaken after ‘Veritable’, was fraught with problems in its primary intention of taking Arnhem and advancing to Emmerich, largely as a result of the difficult terrain, the possibility of further flooding from natural or artificial causes, weather conditions and the determination of the German defence in this region. The planned operation was therefore postponed until a time late in April at the earliest, the object now being co-operation with the ‘Plunder’ offensive to be undertaken by Lieutenant General G. G. Simonds’s Canadian II Corps against the rear of the Germans’ IJssel river defences and at Apeldoorn.

The operation was then revived in a somewhat revised form as ‘Quick Anger’ to exploit ‘Destroyer’, though an ‘Anger’ component was also envisaged for the I Corps to effect an assault crossing of the Nederrijn river at Renkum, some 5 miles (8 km) downstream of the point selected for the II Corps’ crossing of the IJssel river, if the Germans continued to hold the right bank of the Lower Rhine river.