Operation Bruno

(German name)

'Bruno' was a German operation to destroy the important Kruisschans lock gate in Antwerp harbour (16/17 September 1944).

Undertaken as part of the German effort to destroy as many as possible of the strategically important port installations as the Germans withdrew in the face of the Allied approach to Antwerp, the operation was undertaken by a frogman party of a small naval combat unit, and was successful.