Operation Enzian


'Enzian' was a German operation by the SS, Sicherheitsdienst and Polizei against the partisan forces of Josip Broz Tito in the Slovenia region of German-occupied Yugoslavia (August/October 1942).

After a conference of high-ranking German officials on 3 August, it was decided that a major suppression effort was required in Slovenia in an attempt to destroy the emerging threat of the Yugoslav partisan forces. The conference ordered concrete measures for police action in the Gorénjska area, with the leading part to be played by Oberst der Schutzpolizei und SS-Standartenführer Hermann Franz’s 18th SS Polizei-Gebirgsregiment. This led to a three-month period of martial law in the course of which 10 Slovene villages were razed to the ground and several hundred members of the local population were executed as hostages.