Operation FBC

'FBC' was the designation of Allied military convoys (together with a numerical suffix) plying the route from the Seine Bay to the Bristol Channel, and as such reciprocals of the 'EBC' series (June/October 1944).

The first of these almost daily 106 convoys, which were return convoys from the Normandy lodgement secured in 'Overlord' and then developed to the north-east toward the Low Countries and western Germany, was FBC.1 of 11/13 June with 23 small merchant vessels in the form of the 558-ton British Bidassoa, 783-ton British Citrine, 303-ton British Coral Queen, 695-ton British Crewhill, 646-ton British Cushendun, 275-ton British Empire Humphrey, 479-ton British Empire John, 995-ton Norwegian Heien, 1,995-ton Polish Katowice, 1,894-ton Polish Kmicic, 2,017-ton Polish Krakow, 972-ton British Lottie R, 1,373-ton British Mari, 631-ton British Moelfre Rose, 499-ton British Monksville, 1,791-ton British Moses Gay, 486-ton British Rockleaze, 524-ton British Saint Rule, 711-ton British Sarnia, 852-ton Norwegian Skarv, 297-ton British Staley Bridge, 926-ton British The President, and 577-ton British Topaz.

The last was FBC.107 of 9/11 October with 11 merchant vessels in the form of the 4,538-ton US Abangarez, 7,191-ton US Caesar Rodney, 2,905-ton British Empire Sedley, 7,244-ton US Frederick H. Newell, 7,247-ton Henry D. Lindsley, 7,210-ton US James D. Trask, 1,791-ton British Jesse G. Cotting, 7,210-ton US John L. Elliott, 7,176-ton US Joseph Story, 1,599-ton Norwegian Leka and 7,198-ton US Thomas Wolfe.