Operation Flaschenhals

bottleneck

This was the German land corridor to Petrokrepost (SchlŁsselburg in German) on the southern shore of Lake Ladoga, to the east of Leningrad, held by Generaloberst Georg Lindemannís 18th Army to separate Leningrad from the rest of the USSR (1941/43).

The Soviets planned to eliminate this corridor and restore land communications with the starving city in August 1942 with a concerted effort by General Major Vasili F. Konkovís Operational Group ĎNevaí and General Leytenant Vladimir P. Sviridovís 55th Army of General Leytenant Leonid A. Govorovís Leningrad Front, and General Leytenant Filipp N. Starikovís 8th Army, General Leytenant Andrei A. Vlasovís 2nd Shock Army and General Leytenant Ivan I. Fedyuninskyís 54th Army of General Kirill A. Meretskovís Volkhov Front, which would cut through the corridor at its neck and also near Lake Ladoga.

This ĎSinyavino Offensive Operationí raged from 19 August to the end of September 1942, and failed totally, as did the companion effort by the Leningrad Frontís 42nd Army, under General Leytenant Ivan F. Nikolayev, to link with General Polkovnik Vladimir Z. Romanovskyís (from December 1943 General Polkovnik Ivan D. Fedyuninskyís) Coastal Command in the Oranienbaum beach-head west of Leningrad on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland.

A narrow supply corridor to the city of Leningrad was finally opened on 11/18 January 1943, when the forces of the Leningrad Frontís 67th Army, under the command of General Leytenant Mikhail P. Dukhanov, and the Volkhov Frontís 2nd Shock Army, under the command of Romanovsky, met at a point to the north of Sinyavino.