Operation Franz (i)


'Franz' (i) was a German operation by a combined force of Sicherheitsdienst intelligence personnel, police and SS troops of the Kampfgruppe 'von Gottberg' under the command of SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS Curt von Gottberg against so-called partisans (largely Jews and other 'undesirables') in the Belorussian region of the German-occupied western USSR (5/14 January 1943).

The operation targeted the area of Osipowitz, Grodsianka and Makowie, and resulted in the deaths of 2,025 persons and, for the first time, the deportation of a significant number of people (1,000 or so) as forced labourers.