Operation Hagen-Bewegung

Hagen movement

This was the German withdrawal of the forces of Generalfeldmarschall Günther von Kluge’s Heeresgruppe ‘Mitte’, in the aftermath of the Soviet 'Kutuzov' offensive, from the salient round Orel to the ‘Hagen-Stellung’ defence line to the east of Bryansk (1/16 August 1943).

'Hagen-Bewegung' was approved by Adolf Hitler at the urging of von Kluge once the failure of 'Zitadelle' had become fully apparent, and reflected the need of the hard-hit German forces to shorten their front and thereby make men available to shore up formations and units facing major Soviet assaults.