Orel Strategic Offensive Operation

This was the Soviet offensive, more generally known as 'Kutuzov' and incorporating the ‘Volkhov-Orel Offensive Operation’ (12 July/18 August) and ‘Kromyv-Orel Offensive Operation’ (15 July/18 August) as its primary components, to eliminate the German salient centred on Orel after the failure of 'Zitadelle' (12 July/18 August 1943).