Operation Regenschirm (i)

umbrella

This was the German bombing of the British city of Birmingham (November 1940).

Birmingham’s industrial importance in the British war effort meant that the city was heavily bombed by the Luftwaffe on several occasions during the ‘Birmingham Blitz’ starting on 9 August 1940 and ending on 23 April 1943. Situated in the Midlands, Birmingham was both important industrial and manufacturing location and also heavily populated, being the UK’s second largest city. Some 2,241 people were killed, and 3,010 seriously injured. A further 3,682 sustained lesser injuries. Some 12,391 houses, 302 factories and 239 other buildings were destroyed, with many more damaged.

The first fatality of the bombing in Birmingham was a soldier in Erdington, home on leave from his unit on a night when eight bombs were dropped by a single German warplane. It is believed the intended target was Fort Dunlop or Bromford Tubular Rolling Mills.