Operation Seydlitz (v)

(18th century German cavalry general)

'Seydlitz' (v) was a German operation against partisans in the region of Dorogobuzh in the German-occupied western USSR (25 June/27 July 1943).

Lying on the upper reaches of the Dniepr river between Smolensk and Vyaz’ma, this region was vital to the defences and communications of Generalfeldmarschall GŁnther von Kluge’s Heeresgruppe 'Mitte' at the point where Generaloberst Hans-Georg Reinhardt’s 3rd Panzerarmee and Generaloberst Gotthard Heinrici’s 4th Army would receive the brunt of the Soviet late-summer offensive from 23 August. Aimed at liberating Smolensk and opening the way for an offensive to retake Belorussia, the Soviet offensive in the sector would be entrusted to General Andrei I. Eremenko’s Kalinin Front (renamed 1st Baltic Front on 12 October) and General Vasili D. Sokolovsky’s West Front.