Operation Vogelsang

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This was a German operation by Generaloberst Rudolf Schmidt’s 2nd Panzerarmee against partisans operating in the region of Bryansk and Roslavl and thereby threatening the lines of communication to Generalfeldmarschall Günther von Kluge’s Heeresgruppe ‘Mitte’ in the German-occupied western USSR (5/9 July 1942).

Using local troops supported by three German regiments (one Panzer and two infantry) which suffered the loss of 58 men killed and 138 wounded, the operation claimed to have killed 1,193 partisans, wounded about 1,400 and captured 498. During the same period the German security apparatus arrested 2,249 people and deported 12,531 persons from the area. As with all such operations on the Eastern Front, the success was both over-claimed and illusory inasmuch as most of the real partisans went to ground, dispersed and filtered out of the area combined by the Germans, and then quickly reassembled after ‘Vogelsang’ had ended.