Operation Axehead (ii)

This was an Allied unrealised plan to seize bridges over the Seine river in German-occupied northern France and so facilitate the north-eastward advance of General Sir Bernard Montgomery’s Allied 21st Army Group (summer 1944).

Conceptually related quite closely to ‘Axehead’ (i), ‘Axehead’ (ii) would have involved Major General R. E. Urquhart’s British 1st Airborne Division, Major General E. Hakewill-Smith’s British 52nd Division, Major General Maxwell D. Taylor’s US 101st Airborne Division, and Major General Stanisław Sosabowski’s Polish 1st Parachute Brigade of Lieutenant General Lewis H. Brereton’s Allied 1st Airborne Army.