Operation Student (ii)

'Student' (ii) was the German operation to disarm the Italian forces in Rome and take control of the city in the event of an Italian defection from the Axis alliance (autumn 1943).

The plan was executed as 'Schwarz' (iii) within the context of 'Achse' (ii) on 9 September 1943 by Generalmajor Bernhard Ramcke’s 2nd Fallschirmjägerdivision, under the temporary command of Oberstleutnant Kurt Meder-Eggebert.