Operation Hermelin (i)

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This was the German transfer of the heavy cruiser (ex-pocket battleship) Lützow to the Baltic Sea (23 September/1 October 1943).

Escorted by the destroyers Erich Steinbrinck, Paul Jacobi, Friedrich Ihn, Z 27 and, off south-western Norway, Z 38, Lützow was sighted by British reconnaissance aircraft on 26 and 27 September, but Bristol Beaufighter attack fighters and Grumman Avenger torpedo-bombers of the Fleet Air Arm’s No. 832 Squadron, flying from a base in the Shetland islands group, passed to the south of the German ships, and Lützow reached Gotenhafen on 1 October without coming under attack.