Operation Lug

(small Yugoslav town)

This was a German and Croat operation against the partisan forces of Josip Broz Tito in the puppet state of Croatia in Axis-occupied Yugoslavia with the object of destroying a partisan concentration (5th and 6th ‘Krajina’ Brigades) in the Japra river valley to the north-west and west of Sanski Most in western Bosnia (2/7 November 1942).

The Axis forces included, as the German component, elements of the 721st Grenadierregiment, 741st Grenadierregiment, 661st Artillerieabteilung and 714th Nachrichtenkompanie of Generalleutnant Friedrich Stahl’s 714th Division, together with the 1/202nd Panzerregiment and, as the Croat component, the 3 and 4/3rd Mountain Brigade, elements of the 1st, 10th and 11th Regiments, 6th Ustaše Battalion, elements of the 4th, 8th and 18th Ustaše Battalions, ‘Ludwig von Baden’ Volksdeutsch Bataillon, elements of the 1st Assault Battalion, and 4th, 5th and 6th Companies of the ‘Banja Luka’ Volunteer Battalion.

By forcing the partisans out of the Japra river valley, the Axis forces were able to restore the line of defence that protected the vital mining complex at Ljubija from the south-west. The partisans departed from the area, and there was little contact between the opposing forces.